Black History Month: What are the Bottle Trees about?

Bottle Tree
Though most bottle trees feature blue bottles, they also may be made with an assortment of different colored bottles.

All my life, I’ve randomly caught glimpses of bottle trees—in California’s Berkeley Hills, tucked away on a side street in Long Beach, at a junk-lover’s paradise in the Las Vegas valley and on a forgotten intersection off of the trolley’s route in New Orleans. Of course I’ve happened upon them on Georgian backroads from Hiram clear down to Thomasville. And just this past weekend, I saw one at a house on N Crest Road on the way to National Military Park in Chattanooga. Before spotting the one in Chattanooga,  I’d never thought anything of them. I just supposed that a lot of people across the country had a favorite blue-bottled liquor they liked to share with their tree.

Then while researching the origin of the black-eyed peas and collard greens tradition on New Year’s Eve, I discovered that bottle trees were a “Southern tradition.” Nowadays, anytime, I here the phrase “Southern tradition,” I pretty much know that Black folks had something to do with it and the true origins are most likely African. Lo and behold, bottle trees aren’t just a pretty garden art thing carried out by eccentric blue-eyed lady imbibers with bad hips.

As Paul and William Arnett’s Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South Vol. II explains:

The African American tradition of hanging bottles on trees to trap or repel evil forces has parallels all over Africa, where charms, plates and bottle-like gourds perform similar functions. They are also used to scare off trespassers. This art is not only used to embody aesthetic values, but also to honor and communicate with the supernatural.

It is believed that evil spirits are drawn to the bottles’ bright colors and become trapped inside the bottles at dusk. Once day breaks the next morning, the sunlight destroys the evil bound inside. This tradition and lore has been traced back to the ninth century!

And according to this excerpt from

The bottle tree tradition traveled to Trinidad, the Bahamas and eventually to the American mainland. In “Bighearted Power,” his essay in “Keep Your Head to the Sky: Interpreting African American Home Ground,” Thompson says the most important bottle tree clusters today are in east Texas, southeastern Arkansas and southern Alabama.

So the next time, you come across a bottle tree, shout out the ancestors and know you’re beholding ancient African magick at work.

6 thoughts on “Black History Month: What are the Bottle Trees about?

  1. Wow, I never knew about bottles in trees. Call me ignorant, but living in the Bay Area all my life, you just don’t see that there…. I also haven’t traveled in the South or hardly anywhere… lol, thanks for educating me Nikki

    1. Well, that’s the great thing about Black History Month—we all get to learn together. Again, I’d seen them and simply did not know the history. I even have a friend with parents who have a bottle tree and did not know the history. Thanks for reading and thanks for commenting! It’s fun to talk about these things, right?

  2. I also had no idea of this tradition. I also grew up in the Bay Area, but I’ve lived in Washington, DC, and New York City, since: areas not devoid of Black people! But I’ve never seen a bottle tree or knew their significance. Thanks for this information!

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